5. Conversion of decimal numbers to binary and vice versa

posted Jun 30, 2014, 9:52 PM by Maurice Nyamoti   [ updated Jul 11, 2014, 11:05 AM ]

Conversion of decimal numbers to binary and vice versa

Converting binary numbers to decimal numbers

To convert a binary number to decimal:
  1. Write the place values from the right hand side
  2. Write each digit under its place value
  3. Multiply each digit by its place value
  4. Add up the products. The answer will be the decimal number in base 10
Example:

Convert 1001102 to a base 10 (or decimal) number

Rule 1:   Write the place values from the right hand side

Rule 2: Write each digit under its place value

Place value

25

24

23

22

21

20

Binary digit

1

0

0

1

1

0

Rule 3: Multiply each digit by its place value

(25x1) + (24x0) + (23x0) + (22x1) + (21x1) + (20x0)

Rule 4: Add up the products. The answer will be the decimal number in base 10

32+0+0+4+2+0

=3810

Converting binary numbers to decimal numbers- Fractional numbers

A decimal number which has both an integral and fractional part is called a real number. The weight of the integral part of a real number increases from right to left in factors of 10 while that of the fractional part decreases from left to right factors of 10-x

Rules are the same as above however the place values are negated on digits with decimal

Example:

Convert 100110.012 to a base 10 (or decimal) number

Convert 100110.012 to a base 10 (or decimal) number

Rule 1:   Write the place values from the right hand side

Rule 2: Write each digit under its place value

Place value

25

24

23

22

21

20

2-1

2-2

Binary digit

1

0

0

1

1

0

0

1

Rule 3: Multiply each digit by its place value

(25x1) + (24x0) + (23x0) + (22x1) + (21x1) + (20x0) + (2-1x1) + (2-2x1)

Rule 4: Add up the products. The answer will be the decimal number in base 10

32+0+0+4+2+0+1/2+1/4

=38.7510

Converting decimal numbers to binary numbers

There are two methods of converting decimal numbers to binary. i.e

  1. The long division method
  2. The place value method

The long division method

The decimal number is continuously divided by 2. However at each level of the division, the remainder which is either a 1 or a 0 is written to the right of the quotient. Reading of remainder digits from bottom to top makes the binary equivalent of the number.
Example:
Using the long division method, convert 89110 into binary
decimal to binary

89110 = 11011110112

The place value method

Procedure:
Write down the place values in factors of 2 up to the value immediately larger or equal to the number being considered. For example; To convert 24710 into binary, we write down the place values up to 28 i.e. 256. Similarly, to convert 25810, write down the place values up to 29 i.e. 512. If the number being considered is itself a factor of 64, 128, 256 etc. then place values should be written up to the number itself.
download more
To covert 89110 to binary, start from the left. Subtract the place value from the number being converted. If the difference is a positive number or a 0, place a 1 in the binary digit row. If the difference is negative, place a zero.

Place value

210

29

28

27

Difference

891-1024

891-512 (when the result is a negative on higher place value, repeat it in the lower value-check 891)

379-256

123-128

Binary digit

0 (result is a negative)

1 (result is a positive)

1

0


26

25

24

23

22

21

20

123-64

59-32

27-16

11-8

3-4

3-2

1-1

1

1

1

1

0

1

1

The binary equivalent of 89110 is 011011110112

Converting decimal numbers to binary numbers- with decimal places

Procedure

  1. Multiply the fractional part by 2 and note down the product
  2. Take the fractional part of the immediate product and multiply it by 2 again
  3. Continue this process until the fractional part of the subsequent product is 0 or starts repeating the value of the original fractional part of the number being converted
  4. The binary equivalent of the fractional part is extracted from the products by reading the respective integral digits from the top downwards
  5. Combine the two parts together to set the binary equivalent 

Example:

Convert 69.7510 into binary

Procedure:

  1. First convert the whole part
  2. then the fractional part
  3. combine

Convert 69.7510 into binary

Procedure:

1.      First convert the whole part

2.      then the fractional part

3.      combine

First convert the whole part

Whole part
then the fractional part
fractional part
Since the product of the last step of the fractional part is zero or keeps repeating itself, we stop.
combine

6910=10001012

0.7510=0.112

Thus 69.7510= 1000101.112

Review Questions

For perfection, do as many questions as you can


1>     Convert the following base two numbers into denary(base10) numbers

a)       01012

b)       11112

c)       101011011102

d)       101111112

e)       10110012

f)        1110001112

g)       11012

h)       1012

i)         0012

j)        10012

k)       10002

l)         001012

m)     10000002

2>     Using the place value add long division methods convert each of the following base 10 numbers to their binary equivalents.

a)       1010

b)       4310

c)       36510

d)       51210

e)       14310

f)        95410

3>     What are the binary equivalents of the following?

a)       0.410

b)       0.510

c)       0.7510

4>     By working out the whole numbers and fractions separately, convert the following:

a)       2.410

b)       5.7510

c)       4.510

d)      10.62510

e)       34.45010

f)        2.50010

g)       5.162510

h)       7.187510

i)        69.35010

5>     Get the denary equivalents of the following:

a)       0.112

b)       0.1012

c)       0.00012

d)       11.012

e)       101.1002

f)        100.0012

g)       0.100112

h)       0.00102

i)         0.101012

j)        11.01102

k)       101.111102

l)         100.1102

Ċ
Maurice Nyamoti,
Jul 8, 2014, 9:28 PM
Comments