1.2 Definition of Terms Used in Networking
Definition of Terms Used in Networking
A network is the infrastructure that supports electronic data exchange.Either, it can be defined as a collection of independent entities that are arranged to exchange data or resources
A computer network therefore can be defined as a collection of computers linked together using transmission media for the purpose of communication and resource sharing
This is any physical or non-physical link between two or more computers and in which a signal can be made to flow from source to destination. These shared resources include:- application programs, printers, fax machines, modems, storage devices etc.
Data communication is a process of transmitting data signals from one point to another through the network.
A data signal is a voltage level in the circuit which represents the flow of data. data signal can either be digital or analogue
This is a process by which the characteristics of electrical signals are transformed to represent information. Types of modulation include AM, FM, and PAM.i.e converting digital signal to analogue
This is a process of returning a modulated signal to its original form. Modems perform demodulation by taking an analog signal and returning it to its original (digital) form.
This is the process of sending multiple data signals over the same medium
This is the process of separating the multiplexed signals at the receiving end
This is the maximum amount of data that a transmission medium can carry at lany one time
This is a digital signal that is generated and applied tot he transmission medium directly without modulation
An analogue signal is sent over the transmission medium using a particular frequency
This is a decrease in magnitude and energy as a signal progressively moves along a transmission medium
A Physical Layer device which restores, amplifies, re-clocks or otherwise improves a network signal that it receives on one of its ports and transmits the improved signal without buffering or interpreting it.
Modes of data communication
This is communication in only one direction e.g. radio broadcasting
Refers to communication in both directions but one direction at a time e.g. using a walkie talkie
This is communication that occurs in both directions simultaneously
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